This was the biggest problem with Pol Pot's regime. He wanted to create a "worker's paradise" without understanding that if you shoot all the intellectuals that actually know how to run and design things you'll wind up with a country that will fall behind. Mao however understood the power of propaganda.Communism's biggest weakness is that the leaders are idealogues who lionize work and labor without having ever done either. The proles will always be crushed in the system, expected to break their backs for an ideology that by design keeps them poor as dirt.
Phil is just a plain old authoritarian who wants others to follow his lead without actually doing any work himself.