Ah, the classic "gap" theory.I'll use myself as an example; I believe that the literal hand of God has come down less times than I have fingers. What is far more reasonable (and can align with the theory of evolution and the fossil record) is that events such as the beginning of Genesis are not literal and play out as an orchestrated series of events stretching for billions of years (this is also supported by scientific findings explaining just how unlikely and long it would take for a sea of random events to create amino acids). Why would an all-powerful creator use the Roman calendar? Each "day" could've been an entire era. So the answer to your question depends on who you ask
If we take scripture at face value in this instance, there's a couple little tidbits that kinda undermines its very concept. The first of which is that when God finished his work, he dubbed it as "very good" aka perfect, exactly as he designed it to be. And then more importantly, when the world falls from Adam and Eve's disobedience the verses make it very clear that death, thorns, predation and other factors became newly introduced phenomena. As for how things changed from then on, the two leading theories are that either life was already "prepared" for the fall (because let's face it, it was inevitable) and simply adapted, or God manually changed things in organisms as part of the punishment.
Therefore, the notion of billions of years of death, suffering and destruction leading up to the events in Eden is incongruent with scripture, as God's perfect world was designed without such things and the consequences of mankind's sin brought them about after the fact.